15.2 Measuring the beta
Beta (Market risk)
The contribution each stock makes to the total risk of a well-diversified portfolio depends on the stock's covariance with other stocks in the portfolio. Of course, this depends on how each stock responds to change in the overall financial markets.
Beta is a measure of the volatility, or systematic risk, of a security or a portfolio in comparison to the market as a whole. Beta is used in the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), a model that calculates the expected return of an asset based on its beta and expected market returns.
Beta is calculated using regression analysis, and you can think of beta as the tendency of a security's returns to respond to swings in the market. A beta of 1 indicates that the security's price will move with the market. A beta of less than 1 means that the security will be less volatile than the market. A beta of greater than 1 indicates that the security's price will be more volatile than the market. For example, if a stock's beta is 1.2, it's theoretically 20% more volatile than the market.
For example :
|SCRIP NAME (LOW BETA)
||SCRIP NAME (HIGH BETA)
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